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Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo. Is it necessary to be falling correctly?

22.01.2019

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo. Is it necessary to be falling correctly?

Self belaying. What is it?

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

Self belaying is a group of special actions that let the falling wrestler will not get injured or any other harm. These rules are developed in the process of many years of training by judo and sambo fighters around the world. Everyone has to know these methods of falling, regardless of length of service and age. Why all Japanese books always start with the self belaying. It would seem that everyone knows about it in Japan and still show. The authors once again confirm that we put safety first. Your child who comes to us is engaged in sports in safety.

Types of self belaying.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

In Japanese terminology falls are called UKEMI. A person can fall forward, sideways, on his back, as well as rolling forward. These directions are the types of self belaying. When certification for belt in Russia, falling techniques are given for a white belt.

 

Why learn the self belay?

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

The first and most important factor is safety. No one wants to be injured from the first fall. No one wants to leave the room with problems. The techniques of self belaying completely remove these problems. The second reason - self belaying techniques are a powerful tool for physical training for beginners. The third reason - the methods of self belaying relate to such a section as agility. The fourth reason - the Japanese say a person who does not know how to fall does not know how to throw. If you are afraid of falling, you will be restrained in movement and your throw will also be constrained and not natural. This will, bother you, learn judo and sambo. Fall techniques give confidence to the newcomer. So it is also the initial methods of psychological preparation.

How long are the falls taught?

It depends on the skill of the coach, on the students, on the availability of a set of exercises related to the self belaying in the coaching arsenal. Normally teaching take long until the confidence of the students in the performance of the throws. The pupil falls easily, confidently quickly, without errors and is not afraid of anything. If one of the qualities disappears, then you need to periodically return to this topic.

Is it possible to study throws and fall at the same time?

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

The younger the athlete, the more categorically impossible. The little athlete has the life experience of painful falls. When falling, the child always puts his hands forward, backwards or sideways. And it is impossible to do this in judo and sambo. From the beginning it is necessary to explain, to form the correct movement and only then proceed to the techniques. If a newcomer is an adult or teenager, then it is possible to combine the study of judo or sambo throws with the methods of the self belaying.

Where to begin to learn techniques of falling?

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

Begin always with the final and lowest position. With the advent of confidence and accuracy gradually increase the height of the fall. It is better to start with a fall on your back. This is the simplest and safest fall in its execution, and by its example it is easier to explain how to clap your hands, how to hold your head, where to strain, and where to relax, what can and cannot be done.
Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

Here are specific examples. Falling from the squat position. You can push a partner from yourself or pull a kimono from behind when a falling one does not expect it. You can do this in a game style. Offer one partner to squat in any direction, and another to push or pull depending on the location. There was a correctness and confidence, put the partner in the position of the stalls and continue to study the fall.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

Here is an exercise that can also be used in training. Partners can not only be in place but also bounce to each other.

Mistakes when doing a fall on the back.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

View photos from left to right. In the first photo, the hands are moved close to the body (a strong backstroke is possible). In the second photo, the arms are wide apart (shoulder joints may be damaged). In the third photo, the head lies on the tatami (possible to hit his head on the tatami). The fourth photograph shows a drop on the elbows (injury to the elbow joint and damage to the clavicle is possible). In the definition of injury, we put the words "possible", "possibly", "may." With proper training, these injuries will not happen.

The self belaying on the side.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

The most frequent type of athlete's fall in sambo and judo. If in judo is not advised to cross the legs, then in Sambo it is allowed. Clap by hand advised to do near your knee. Strong hand clap is a kind of energy absorber. All energy gained during the fall is extinguished by this clap.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

More difficult option of performance of falling on one side from a standing position on legs.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

Here is a good exercise for learning to fall on the side. Here the first elements of capture appear, elements of putting off balance and of course working out of the fall. Try to use this task in training.

 

The self-belaying on the side somersault over the shoulder.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

This option is self-belaying you need to know necessarily. The fall forward over the shoulder is used in many sambo and judo throws.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

In this embodiment, there is a small obstacle. The principle of learning from simple to complex.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

So you can gradually raise the partner to the standing position and make this somersaults through him and when landing, perform the technique of the self-belaying. The height of the obstacle depends on the level of training of the athlete. You can complicate this task. Place a row of two or three athletes. One of them will be higher than the other. If you create the danger of doing this job, spread a soft mat or a mat cover the last athlete.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

If in the previous version we had a high obstacle, then in this version there is a long obstacle. This exercise shows how to explain the principle of flip over the shoulder. The Olympic champion, 3-time world champion of the Japanese judoka Kosei Inoue, has this option.

Mistakes when performing a fall to the side.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

View photos from left to right. The first photo is a drop on the elbow (injury to the elbow joint and damage to the clavicle is possible). The second photo is a drop on the back (possible to hit the head). The third photo of the crossed legs (possible to kick the legs and twisting around the belt). The fourth photo of the legs are widely separated. In the definition of injury, we put the words "possible", "possibly", "may." With proper training these injuries will not happen.

Fall forward.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

Why do you need to be able to fall in this direction? If you are thrown and you have fallen on your back or to the side, then according to the rules of judo you will lose any assessment, and if you twisted and fell on your stomach, then the throw is not evaluated. Therefore, all wrestlers tend to fall on them stomach. In order not to hit the face or other part of the body and not to damage the hands, they teach us to fall forward.

Self-belaying during fall in Judo and Sambo.

 

 

 

 

 

What can be combined to study the methods of self belaying. The simplest combination is drop techniques + general physical preparation. Acrobatics + self belaying techniques. Relay, where you can use the techniques of the fall.

How to make the study of self-belaying for children was a joy?

Include self- belaying tricks in game tasks. Motivate to gain access to learning techniques, you need to learn self-belaying . Tell us how these techniques can help you in life.

Self- belaying techniques are needed for all types of martial arts, where you have to fall. Imagine a fighter Fedor Emelyanenko during the fight will fall and hurt the hand, elbow, collarbone only because he did not learn the techniques of falling! Of course it's funny and not true!

This article was prepared on the basis of books produced by Japanese coaches.

See these and other books on judo on this link....

This article was prepared on the basis of books produced by Japanese coaches.

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